The kidney stones are hard deposits that are formed by the accumulation of salts, minerals and other residues in the urine .
They can be as tiny as a small grain of sand or have larger sizes, causing obstructions in the urinary tract and serious complications.
Kidney stones do not have a single definite cause. There are several factors that are related to the risk of suffering them.
Its appearance occurs when the urine is concentrated and there is a crystallization of substances such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid .
This, in turn, can be the result of:
The clinical manifestations of kidney stones may vary in each patient. Some do not perceive discomfort in the initial stages. Usually, the pains appear when the crystals increase in size .
Symptoms may include:
In order not to complicate the calculations, it is essential to limit salt consumption as much as possible . This substance not only influences the formation of crystals, but causes fluid retention and inflammation.