5 Tips To Prevent Kidney Stones

The kidney stones are hard deposits that are formed by the accumulation of salts, minerals and other residues in the urine .

They can be as tiny as a small grain of sand or have larger sizes, causing obstructions in the urinary tract and serious complications.

Why are stones formed in the kidneys?

Kidney stones do not have a single definite cause. There are several factors that are related to the risk of suffering them.

Its appearance occurs when the urine is concentrated and there is a crystallization of substances such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid .

This, in turn, can be the result of:

  • Low water consumption (dehydration)
  • Family background
  • Diets high in protein, sodium or sugar
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Diseases of the digestive system
  • Infections of the urinary tract
  • Prolonged consumption of some medications

Symptoms of kidney stones

The clinical manifestations of kidney stones may vary in each patient. Some do not perceive discomfort in the initial stages. Usually, the pains appear when the crystals increase in size .

Symptoms may include:

  • Intense pain on the sides of the body , below the ribs
  • Pain in the lower abdomen and towards the groin
  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Urine pink, red or brown
  • Urine with unpleasant odor
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constant need to urinate
  • Fever and chills (if there is an infection)

5 Tips To Prevent Kidney Stones :

1. Limit the consumption of salt

In order not to complicate the calculations, it is essential to limit salt consumption as much as possible . This substance not only influences the formation of crystals, but causes fluid retention and inflammation.

  • Avoid adding salt to your main meals.
  • Limit the consumption of foods rich in sodium: sauces, Chinese food, canned, among others.

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